Indoor Dust - Where Does It Comes From?
Constantly found dust everywhere in your home? Well if you do not know what are the factors, you will find it tiring to keep your home dust-free constantly.
Dust is cause by literally anything that you can found in indoor such as your dead skin cells, pets dander, insects, dust mites, pollen, molds and many more.
Therefore getting to know what causes it and which area collect the most dust is important for you to control and ways of prevention.
Source of Dust
Fibers in the fabric will create dust, in your living room where you have fabric sofa, carpet, table cover, curtains, clothes, rugs, decorations, accesories, all of those will deteriorate and wear down that create fine particles which known as dust.
Besides that, most common area the dust will be collected the most is in the bedroom, where the fabric of your mattress, bedding, pillow, bolsters, carpet, lamp cover and window curtain. All of that is a dust magnet that makes that area a favourite spot of collecting dust.
2. Your Dead Skin Cell
You might not realise that humans shed their skin everyday. New skin cycle will takes up to 1 month, therefore, tiny layer by layer your skin sheds until new skin cells rise to surface became fully matured.
One human being has more than a trillion skin cells and in a day time, our skin cells will shed up to a million dead cells [source: Boston Globe] Now you have a picture how tremendous the contribution factor that create huge pile of dust in a short period of time.
In addition to that, your home also filled with millions of dust mites that feeds on dead skin that you shed every day. Do take note that this dust mites droppings is the main reasons of causing allergy, irritations to skin, itchy eyes, runny nose, and damaging your lung cells as well.
Pets are always precious to members of your family. Unfortunately, pets do shed dander and fur. From there, it will break down become dust as well.
The dander (dead skin) is proven to cause allergy for many people. Most of the mammals indoor pets, with short or long fur, has protein in their dander can cause hazard to human health such as allergy.
You will find significant level of dogs and cats dander around carpet and mattress or sofa that they use to hanging around. This is the area that you will need to keep your eyes on to clean it up frequently.
The fluffy dust or dust bunnies are usually created from the pet’s hair.
Moreover, same case with human’s skin flakes, dander’s dead skin will be food to dust mites and this tiny little creatures will appear almost everywhere in every household.
4. Dust Mites and Droppings
Dust mites are microscopic organism and it is one of many component of dust. It is known as Dermatophagoides in scientific term and measures at around 0.3mm that can’t be seen with naked eye.
They live by consuming skin flakes from humans and pets.
Basically dust mites brings no harm to humans but the droppings are the main culprit that triggers allergy to sufferers.
Study had also found that there is around 100 mites per gram of pillow and mattress dust or millions of them in your sleeping area because that is their main habitat.
Mold is known as fungus that produces spores that circulate around the air in your house. The mold grow in your home wherever there is a wet surface or moisture in your home such as ceiling, wooden, paper, pipes, paint, and upholstery.
Other than that, mold will grow on your food as well. The exposed food that you left in kitchen for a period of time will be right place for tiny spores hanging on especially cheese, bread, and fruits and from there it will grow into molds and your food will slowly rot.
Those mold are a common component that contribute indoor dust level especially bottom of the shelf.
The mold can bring serious health issue that cause severe allergy, coughing, eyes and lung irritation as well.
6. Outdoor Dust
A portion of dust that present in your house is also from external that created by sands, air particles, pollens, insects, fiber from vehicles and from workplace. The carrier of the outdoor dust usually by humans and pets that comes in and out several times in a day.
Besides that, dust do enter through windows when you wanted to get more air flow from outside.
7. Other Product Fibers
There are lots more product in your house that create dust in long term as they deteriorate:
Paint of your house wall
Old plaster wall/ceiling
Accesories and decorations
Where Is The Common Dusty Area?
Upholstery - This is a usual place for dust mites gather beneath it due to its cooler place during hot weather.
Mini Blinds/Drapes - Normally mini blinds gathers all sorts of dust, dirt, hair and many more from air circulation. Dust often gets stubborn and hard to clean due to exposure to sun in long term.
Drapes is a long curtain covers until the floor that usually captures alot of dust and difficult to wash as well.
Electronics. Television, or PC monitor normally creates positive charged ion that will attract more dust that is commonly with negatively charged. That is why you will see lots of dust accumulated in short period of time.
Air Vents - Air that pulled in or expelled out usually will cause dust to be accumulated and trapped on surface
Behind, Bottom and Top of Furniture - Make sure you keep a distance behind your furniture for easy cleaning. Dust normally will appear and accumulated on surface around furniture.
Fan and Lights Fixture - It normally would take short amount of time to accumulate dust on hanging lights and fans. So cleaning once a month is recommended to keep your home clean.
Laundry Area- Debris, dirt, and fiber from your clothes that collected from outside that cause your laundry are to be dusty.
Mattress and Pillow - Most of the dust on your bed comes from dead skin cells, hair breakdown into tiny particles, dust mites and its droppings. This result from time we spend laying on bed usually more than 8 hours a day and dust we carry from external.
Underneath carpets and rugs - You will be suprise that huge amount of dust collected under the carpet if you did not frequent clean it. Other than that, dust mites love to live in carpet due to dead skin or dander trapped in and ideal temperature to be its habitat.
How To Get Rid Of Dust In Your House Effectively?
Housekeeping once a week can keep your house free from dust at minimum. Using a right tool/versatile tool can be convenient for cleaning.
Cordless Vacuum is a great choice to help you in most of the house because it is versatile in cleaning floor and above floor such as underneath furniture, upholstery cleaning, shelve, stairs and ceiling as well.
You might want to select vacuum that is equipped with HEPA filter so the air expelled out from vacuum is clean and safe to breathe.
Air Purifier is one of the important machine that keep your air and surrounding clean from airborne pollutant. A great air purifier can ensure air particles from large to fine particles effectively captured by multi layer filtration air cleaner.
Make sure there it is equipped with True-HEPA filter element because it has 99.97% efficiency of capturing fine particles from 0.3 microns. Even fine dust, dust mites, bacteria, and smoke particles can’t pass through it.
Do take note that every air purifier has its capability to cover certain size of space in your living room. Getting the right power air flow can delivery up to 5 air filtration cycle in an hour.
This will ensure air pollutant such as allergen, dust, pollen, mold, bacteria to be kept in minimum as possible around your home.
Make sure that you clean the air purifier once the maintenance signal alert you to clean up the pre-filter.
Bedroom Cleaning: It is recommended to wash your bed sheets and pillowcase every two weeks to minimize dust in your room.
If you are particular to get rid of dust mites, you should wash the bed sheets and cover at 130 degrees and above.
It is wise to get a anti-dust mite sheets and dust-proof cover to prevent any dust or mites trap in there.
Avoid Humid Area for Bedroom - Avoid your room in humid area such as basement if possible. If you can’t keep the humid down in your bedroom, it is best to use dehumidifier to keep it down 50% if possible because humid can cause serious problems:
- Higher temperature thus more dust mites
- Wood furniture deteriorate quickly
- Metal in your room rust easily
- Paint or wallpaper produce fumes that might harm your health.
Decrease overstuff on surface area. It is recommended to avoid putting too much object or overstuff on table, furniture or on the floor. That will minimize dust from trapping around it.
It is important to do cleaning on the furniture surface regularly and it is significant to keep allergen at minimum level.
Keep floors clear from carpets if possible because it will not trap dust on its surface area and beneath it.
If you can’t, use a great vacuum to do deep cleaning or regular cleaning daily or weekly. A powerful vacuum that uses bristle brush will effectively lift up any dirt and dust in the carpet.
Wash the rugs regularly besides relying on vacuum to remove stubborn dirt and salt that stuck in the fiber.
Store your shoes in cabinet. Shoes collect dust, allergen and salt from outside, therefore its best to store inside your cabinet. The best is avoid walking into your house with shoes and remove it before you walk into your house if possible.
Microfiber Duster to clean light fixture, fan and blinds. This is a best cleaning material because it has electrostatic charge that attract dust and dirt around it.
Organize your wardrobe is a good idea because they do collect dust very fast. I would recommend you to get a clear containers to store your seasonal clothing to keep it free from dust.
Moreover all garments will shed fiber and that will cause dust as well.
Choose your furniture wisely.
You should avoid upholstered furniture in bedroom if possible. If you can’t, make sure you vacuum to clean it regularly to keep it dust free. It is ideal to have furniture made of leather for easy cleaning and no dust or mites can pass through it.
When selecting sofa or chairs, make sure it is build with raised legs without the whole base covered the floor. This avoid dust and any dirts trapping underneath the chair.
Other furniture such as cabinet, wardrobe, table it is best to be made of wood, plastic or vinyl for easy wiping.
Clean your furniture with damp cloth if possible for effectiveness capturing all dust on surface.
Avoid Heavy Curtain and Drapes. If possible, choose the light cotton for easy cleaning and it can be done regularly.
Do not use Duster. Feather dusters will make the situation much worst than before because all the dust will spread around your house with air column and settle else where. It is good idea to use damp cloth to wipe around the surface.
Start cleaning from top to bottom. It is wise to clean up the highest area such as ceiling and following all the way down so that you’ll be able to capture all the dust that falls off earlier.
Beat your cushions and rugs at least once every three months. Your couch and the pillow on it often collect a lot of dust after some time. Everytime you sit on your sofa or walk on the rug, dust will spread to air column.
Before you beat the cushion or rug, make sure to do it outdoor and use a hard wooden stick to hit it every surface of the cushion to remove as much dust as possible.
Groom your pets. Dogs, or cats sheds their fur all the time and this contribute to dust build up as well. So you should brush them regularly to minimize dander or fur spread around your house. Do take note you should brush them either outdooror in the bathroom so it will be easier to clean.
Make sure their bedding is washed regularly as well.